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Tambomachay

                                 This was an Inca sanctuary dedicated to the cult of the water, and it was a reserved place for the Inca. It is known as the “Baños del Inca” (Inca’s spa). Its construction of fine lithic finish is a startling example of incredible hydraulic engineering. Consisting of a group of walls that are united by stairs, there are springs that cascade to a pool through several channels. The waterfalls in these ruins form part of a terrace to the second wall where the drainage cascades on the first and forms a small pool. The window sills, hole or niches are of 2m height, and was the place, according to the historians, that the Inca and the important people of his court offered water rites to the god Inti (sun). It is located 8 km from the Main Square.

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QENCO

Qenco This is a sanctuary dedicated to the adoration of animals, and consists of ruins formed by a rocky site with stairs in zigzag, and a main building similar to a circular amphitheatre where 19 window sills are located as a way of seats. It is presumed that this place was a site of adoration, and supporting this presumption is the presence of an enormous stone block of 5.9m height that resembles the appearance of a puma. There is a labyrinthine entrance towards several underground galleries, passages, channels and stairs with signs of an earlier culture. These reveal themselves in a series of drawings and engravings including outstanding figures of pumas. It is located 4 km from the Main Square following the way to Sacsayhuaman.

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Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary

Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary  Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary Considered to be one of the most important archaeological jewels in the world, the Inca city of Machu Picchu is surrounded by an abundance of nature in a jungle brow region, with a wide variety of flora and fauna. In the area there is a project dedicated to studying and conserving the orchids native to Machu Picchu, which maintain genetic material and repopulate areas affected by fires and/or natural disasters within the Historic Sanctuary. So far, 9 species that are new to science have been reported, including the Oncidium koechliniana Collantes & Gerlach sp, and 75 species have been recorded in the area for the first time. There are various trails that can be followed in order to see the orchids in the Sanctuary. The main ones are: The Orchid Inca Trail, from km 88 in Qoriwayrachina to km 95, following the left bank of the Vilcanota River downstream. This is considered to be one of the richest trails in terms of Fuente  

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Sacsayhuamán Archaeological Complex (Cuzco)

Sacsayhuamán Archaeological Complex (Cuzco) Visiting Hours : Mon – Sun and public holidays 8.00 am – 5.00 pm. Location : 2 km north-east of Cuzco (10 minutes by car). Cusco The complex comprises 33 archaeological sites, the best known of which is the Sacsayhuaman Fortress. The building was probably used for religious purposes but, due to its location and style, the Spanish and contemporary writers assumed it was a military structure. The consensus among historians suggests that the construction of Saqsayhuaman began at the end of the 14th century and the beginning of the 15th century, under the leadership of Inca Pachactueq. In terms of how long the construction took, contemporary references indicate it took around 60 years. Saqsayhuaman would have held the most important temple in Hanan Qosqo or Upper Cuzco, dedicated to Andean cosmology, worship of the Inti (Sun), Quilla (Moon), Chaska (Stars), Illapa (Lightning) and the other divinities. The building qualifies as a cyclopean construction due to the size of its stones, some of which weigh between 90 and 128 tonnes. On 24 June each year, the fortress is the setting for the Inti Raymi or Festival of the Sun. Fuente  

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