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Inca Empire Archaeological Sites – The Ruins of the Inca Empire
Machu Picchu Overview.  Ed Nellis
Inca Empire Archaeological Sites – The Ruins of the Inca Empire

Inca Empire Map

          Inca Empire Map

The Inca Empire ruled over the Andean mountains and beyond of what are today the modern countries of Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina, including an area of nearly one million square kilometers (about 386,000 square miles) and extending a length of 4,000 kilometers (2500 miles) from north to south along the great South American continent.

Archaeological sites of the Incan empire range in size and complexity from villages to temples to lonely waystations to isolated ritual burial sites and enormous metropolises like Cuzco: but the best known and most visited of these sites are the ceremonial centers such as Machu Picchu and Ollantaytambo.

From the 12 Archaeological sites presented, 10 of them are located in Perú. And from those 10, 8 are in Cuzco. Which makes your trip to Cuzco even more amazing.

1.  Ollantaytambo (Peru)

Double Jamb Doorway at Ollantaytambo. Ed Nellis

Ollantaytambo is an Incan royal  estate and ceremonial center,  built for Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui  in the 15th century AD. It is  remarkable for its pinkish color,  and its storage facilities,  granaries built into the side of the  nearby mountain.

 

 

2.  Coricancha (Peru)

Qoricancha Temple and the Church of Santa Domingo in Cusco Peru.  Ed Nellis

  Qoricancha Temple and the Church of Santa Domingo in Cusco Peru. Ed Nellis

 The Coricancha was the religious  center of the Inca empire at  Cuzco, the starting point of the  shrine and pilgrimage route of the  Inca ceque system. At the eye of  Cuzco’s puma, the Coricancha  was reported by the conquering  Spanish to have been clad in gold  plate. Today it is the foundation of  the Church of Santo Domingo in  Cuzco.

3.  Rumiqolqa Quarry (Peru)

Gate Structures at Rumiqolqa.  Håkan Svensson (Xauxa)

Gate Structures at Rumiqolqa. Håkan Svensson (Xauxa)

 

The quarry site of Rumiqolqa was  used by the Inca as a source for  the quartzite which makes up  much of the archaeological sites  of Machu Picchu and Sacsayman,  as well as many of the  communities in Cuzco.

 

 

 

4.  Choquequirao (Peru)

Upper Plaza Group at Choquequirao. Mark Rowland (Roubicek)

Upper Plaza Group at Choquequirao. Mark Rowland (Roubicek)

 The site of Choquequirao is yet  another elite residence and  ceremonial center of the Inca,  probably built by the emperor  Topa Inca Yupanqui, who ruled  between 1471 and 1493. It has  architectural styles to the  conquered Chachapoya state,  including some delightful inlaid  art work.

5.  Llullaillaco (Argentina)

Cerro Llullaillaco

Cerro Llullaillaco

 

Llullaillaco is the name of a  mountain in the Andes of modern  day Argentina. Up on its peak  was found three niche tombs,  remainders of child burials  sacrificed during the  Inca capacocha ceremony in the  15th century.

 

 

6.  Sacsaywaman (Peru)

Llamas serenely graze in the plaza at Sacsaywaman. Ed Nellis.

Llamas serenely graze in the plaza at Sacsaywaman. Ed Nellis.

 Sacsaywaman, pronounced  something like “sexy woman” is  an Incan ceremonial center, and  the only known Incan site that  can truly be called megalithic. Its  largest stones are six to seven  times as large as the largest at  Stonehenge. And… Sacsaywaman  is blue.

7.  Q’enqo (Peru)

 

Cave and Altars at Kenko. Photo by Kevin Tao.

Cave and Altars at Kenko. Photo by Kevin Tao.

 Q’enqo, sometimes spelled  Kenko, is actually four different  shrines on the Inca Road near  Sacsaywaman. The best known,  Q’enqo Grande, includes an  astronomical purpose, only  shreds of which remain after the  Spanish conquered Cuzco and did  their best to destroy such  blasphemies.

8.  Cuzco (Peru)

 

Cuzco City

Cuzco City

 The modern day city of Cuzco,  Peru is located in the Andes  Mountains of Peru was founded,  according to legend, by Manco  Capac, the founder of the Inca  civilization. Unlike many ancient  capitals, Cuzco was primarily a  governmental and religious  capital, with few residential  structures. Cuzco was the Inca  capital city, from the mid 15th  century up until it was conquered  by the Spanish in 1532.

9.  Machu Picchu (Peru)

Machu Picchu Overview.  Ed Nellis

Machu Picchu Overview. Ed Nellis

 

Machu Picchu is surely the best  known Inca archaeological site,  and perhaps one of most famous  sites in the world. Machu Picchu  was built in the 15th century by  the Inca emperor Pachucuti, as an  elite residence and ceremonial  center.

 

 

10.  Pachacamac (Peru)

The City of Pachacamac

The City of Pachacamac

Pachacamac is an enormous  ceremonial center located on the  coast of Peru near the modern  town of Lima. Pachacamac was  used for religious purposes for the  major cultures in the Andean  region, including Wari, Yschma  and Inca period. During the Inca  period, the site became a cult  center for the pan-Andean cult.

11.  Chan Chan (Peru)

Chan-Chan

Chan-Chan

 

Chan Chan was the capital of the Chimu culture, a group which fell, like so many others, to the Incan empire in the 14th century.

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.  Oroncota (Bolivia)

Oroncota or Huruncuta was a military outpost of the Inca empire in what is today Bolivia, conquered under the Inca king Tupa Inca Yupanqui, who ruled the Inca between 1471-1493.

Fuente: http://archaeology.about.com/od/archaeologica6/tp/Inca-Empire-Archaeological-Sites.htm

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